Most agility competitors have heard the training analogy about learning to drive slowly in a parking lot, then a little faster on side roads, and then eventually driving faster yet on highways. That analogy seemed so logical that I never questioned it… until recently. What made me question it was an observation I had made about my 3-year-old Australian Terrier, Lil.
Keeping with the driving analogy, Lil has always run agility like a Volvo XC. She is solid, reliable, powerful, and comfortable on both winding mountain roads and highways. But between the ages of 2 and 3, Lil’s inner Maserati started to kick in and she began to falter. It looked to me like she did not know HOW to drive her new race car.
Lil’s foundation training included a lot of backyard (and living room) training. We did a ton of shaping and trick training to teach her how to learn while also developing body awareness. We played impulse control and recall games, did flat-work, banged on boards, ran over flat and slightly raised planks, did jump grids, and began developing distance skills. Everything appeared to be going very well and by the time Lil was 2.5 years old, she was running Masters level courses in USDAA with good consistency and speed. Getting back to the driving analogy, Lil was like a turbo charged Volvo XC– able to negotiate over a variety of terrains/ obstacles at speeds reasonably faster than the speed limit/ SCT.
This would have been perfectly fine if my goal was to have a consistent dog with good speed, since that is what I had (and appreciated). But when I watched videos of Lil’s runs, I could see that she did not look 100% confident and thus was not running nearly as fast as she did when we played fetch or when she chased chipmunks or ran in the woods. I thought agility would be even more fun for her (and me) if she learned HOW to run agility courses as fast as she was able to run and jump over logs and branches in the woods.
Back to the driving analogy–I cannot imagine suddenly swapping out my Volvo XC for a Maserati and feeling confident driving 100+ MPH, even on a wide-open highway, without having to first learn how to drive this very different machine. I can only imagine that I would take my foot off the gas, and perhaps even hit the brakes, and drive slower in general if I felt insecure about my driving abilities. And that is exactly what I thought was going on with Lil.
(above) examples of Lil jumping from age 2 to age 3
In early 2011, I signed up for Silvia Trkman’s on-line Agility Foundations class (http://silvia.trkman.net) and began the process of retraining both of my dogs from the ground up. I have continued to follow Silvia’s training methods for nearly a year now and both my dogs are running better and better as time goes by, with YPS often hovering around 5 YPS and sometimes even breaking 5 YPS.
A few days ago I was thinking about how well Silvia’s “Speed First” method worked for my dogs and a very different driving analogy came to mind that makes as much sense to me as the “learning to drive in a parking lot” analogy. Here it is:
Silvia’s training method is like sliding into the driver’s seat of a Maserati and pressing the pedal to the metal but doing so in a wide open and thus totally safe environment and then gradually adding various driving challenges within that open space. That fun thought inspired me to write this post about backyard training because I did 90% of Silvia’s course work in my backyard with just 5 jumps and a tunnel!
One particular comment by Silvia made a lasting impression on me. She said that she does not see many dogs trained using her methods with jumping issues. That really surprised me, because at any given trial, I tend to see at least a few dogs struggling with jumping, including my own at times! On a side note, I can’t express how upsetting it was when I was watching a video playback of one of Lil’s runs, and heard a random bystander declare “That dog has ETS” after Lil crashed into a jump after flying off the A-Frame due to being startled by the judge’s sudden burst of energy close-by (not one of my favorite agility moments). I wish I knew who it was so I could explain that misjudging an occasional jump does not constitute ETS.
Anyway, one of the most important things I learned in Silvia’s class was how to SEE what is really going on when dogs are running and jumping. It was great to be able to watch various breeds progress through Silvia’s class and to see how structure affects jumping styles. Over time, I was able to pinpoint Lil’s specific jumping issues, including a huge AH HAH moment when I finally noticed that Lil appeared to have developed a “preferred landing spot” that was approximately the same distance from every jump, regardless of her take-off spot. Prior to noticing this, I assumed all trajectories that peaked before jumps were due to early take-off. Needless to say, I was blown away.
Since that realization, I can now also see when other dogs appear to have “preferred landing spots” that are too close OR too far from jumps…the later including some very high-ranking Border Collies. I have heard people refer to dogs whose jumping arcs peak after bars as late jumpers. But are they really late jumpers? Or are they late landers? 🙂 Their take-off spots tend to look similar to other Border Collies of comparable speed. And if it is indeed a landing issue, how do we know if these dogs would benefit from training them to land a bit closer to jumps? Because it was beneficial for Lil to learn how to land further from jumps? Not necessarily. However, I could argue that it might be beneficial, assuming it is true that longer float times add fractions of seconds, or if landing long causes dogs to knock occasional bars due to having to flip their rear legs up higher and hold them up a fraction of a second longer than they would if their jumping arcs were perfectly centered over bars.
But I could also argue that perfectly centered jumping arcs may not be attainable or desirable for every dog and instead of trying to get all dogs to jump mechanically “perfect” or what we think of as perfect, why not allow dogs to choose their own styles of jumping, based on their particular structures, and then do our best to help our dogs perfect their particular styles so they can run agility with full confidence and speed.
(above) Lil running Masters/ P3 Jumpers at 2.5 years of age before Silvia’s class
(above) Lil one year later, running Masters/ P3 Jumpers after taking Silvia’s class and doing various jumping “experiments” for several months. Lil looks so much more confident about jumping and is able to run faster as a result. The knocked bar was caused by my deceleration to rear cross vs. continuing with fluid motion with a blind cross.
Silvia was totally open-minded about my experiments and was impressed by the results she was seeing with Lil and recommended that a few other people in the class do with their dogs what I was doing with Lil. One of those teams continued with my jumping experiment after Silvia’s class ended and I’m pleased to say both Lil and the other dog are both jumping remarkably better today then they were a year ago!
The following video is from a recent backyard training session with my two Australian Terriers, Jake and Lil. My intention was to practice forward-moving rear crosses and jumping in extension but Jake’s reps ended up being more about sends to the tunnel, which can be a bit iffy for him at times. Lil’s session begins at 1:05 minutes. I think she did a great job driving her inner-Maserati.
Here’s another backyard session with Lil from June 2012, after a few months of jumping “experiments.” This was before her first NADAC trial in a year and a half so I wanted to reintroduce her to NADAC spacing and to practice jumping in extension through turns.
All along the way, I had been sharing Lil’s progress with Dawn Weaver from the UK (http://www.dawnweaveragility.com), because an important part of my jumping experiment emerged from her contact training method. Dawn tested it with two dogs who had jumping issues and both dogs responded as well as Lil did. At that point, Dawn asked me if I’d like to partner up to develop a jump training program to help dogs with jumping issues. I said yes and over the past 6 months, Dawn and I co-developed HGR. The name “Hit the Ground Running” highlights the fact that HGR is not about dogs learning how to jump “pretty” or “perfectly” but rather it is about helping dogs learn how to run fast and navigate efficiently enough over jumps that they can Hit the Ground Running towards the next obstacle with full confidence and speed.
In early July, we began a test study of a diverse group of dogs with a diverse range of jumping issues. The test study was free, so we had some early drop-outs, but all the dogs who progressed through the program showed remarkable improvements in overall confidence and developed more efficient jumping styles as well, which equated to faster course times and perhaps more importantly, equated to the game of agility being more fun to play…for both the dogs and humans!
The first official HGR class launched in mid-November. Of the teams that have already posted videos, it looks like we have a great group of dogs and trainers. We decided to keep the HGR format as an on-line classroom so we could see how dogs are progressing and make suggestions along the way like we did with the test study group. We also decided to break HGR into 4 separate modules so people could pay as they go and wouldn’t have to make a big time or financial commitment before they could determine if HGR is right for their dogs.
Oh, and I almost forgot to mention that most HGR games can be played in a backyard with just 3 jumps. How cool is that? 🙂
This post was written for the Dog Agility Blog Action Day. Check out other posts here.